LncRNA-H19 regulates cell proliferation and invasion of ectopic endometrium by targeting ITGB3 via modulating miR-124-3p.
Exp Cell Res. 2019 May 11;:
Authors: Liu S, Qiu J, Tang X, Cui H, Zhang Q, Yang Q
Endometriosis, a common gynecological disease, is associated with pelvic pain and infertility. Endometriosis affects approximately 10% of women, but that number increases to 30-50% in symptomatic premenopausal women. Despite the prevalence of endometriosis, the cause has yet to be fully elucidated. Recent study of the molecular pathways of endometrial cancer has brought the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 to our attention. In this paper, we explored the role of lncRNA-H19 in endometrial tissue proliferation. We found that ectopic endometrial cells taken from women with endometriosis showed elevated levels of lncRNA-H19, with expression levels correlating to disease progression. Knockdown of H19 in ectopic endometrial cells inhibited cell proliferation and invasion. Coinciding with this change was an increase in microRNA-124-3p (miR-124-3p) and a decrease in integrin beta-3 (ITGB3) levels. The addition of a miR-124-3p inhibitor mitigated this decrease in ITGB3. Up-regulation of miR-124-3p markedly suppressed ITGB3 expression by binding to the 3′ untranslated region (3′ UTR), while inhibition of miR-124-3p had the opposite effect. ITGB3 overexpression potently counteracted the effects of miR-124-3p mimics on ectopic endometrial cells. From these results, we can infer that in endometriosis both miR-124-3p and ITGB3 operate as downstream effector proteins in the H19-signaling pathway. Down-regulation of lncRNA-H19 could inhibit ectopic endometrial cell proliferation and invasion by modulating miR-124-3p and ITGB3, offering a novel target for treatment.
PMID: 31085188 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]